SOCIETY

rq;fuz;lhk; ghisak; - nghd;D}Q;ry; tpoh

“%Nte;jH $b Kjy;tPl dhnkdNt> ... >...
rPuhHKb #l;bj; Njrj;jhH jhd;gzpa> ...
kd;dd; nghpaFyd; khHf;fz;ld; tz;lkpo;f;F> ...
G+e;Nj hpyFgRk; nghd;D}Q;ry; ngw;wkd;dd; ”
– ,uj;jpd%Hj;jp tpwyptpL J}J

 

Society 2

       nfhq;F kz;ly ,Ugj;J ehd;F ehLfspy; xd;whfr; rpwg;Gg; ngw;W tpsq;FtJ njd;fiu ehL. ,e;jj; njd;fiu ehl;bd; jiy efH nfhw;iw efH MFk;. ,d;W rq;fuz;lhk; ghisak; vd miof;fg;gLk; ,t;T+H ghz;ba kd;dHfshy; Kk;Kb #l;lg;ngw;W nfhq;F kz;ly ,Ugj;J ehd;F ehLfSf;Fk; Kjd;ikngWk; cupik ngw;wtHfs; njd;fiu ehl;Lg; gl;lf;fhuHfshd ngupaFy NtzhlH. nfhq;F NtshsH kugpy; ngupaFyk;> ngupa tPL vDk; rpwg;Gg; ngw;wtHfs;. ,k;kd;dHfs; tupirapy; 34-MtJ gl;lf;fhuH kiwe;j khzGkpF v];. Nf. Fkhuuj;jpd NtzhLilahH MthH. NtzhlH = Nts; + ehlH = Ntshs ehl;bd; Kjy;tH.

“Fyj;jhYk; Ntzhld; nfhSk; ngUik mde;jDf;Fk;
nrhyj;jhYk; NghjhNjy; nrhy;tnjtd; xU ehthy; ”

       vd;w NtshsH Guhzj;jpd; ghlybfs; ,tHfsJ khz;igg; Gyg;gLj;Jk;. nfhY tpyhrk;> FUgud; Mw;Wg;gil Nghd;w E}y;fshy; ghl;Lilj; jiytuhfg; Nghw;wg;gLgtHfs; NtzhlH.

       rq;fuz;lhk; ghisak; gl;lf;fhuH FLk;gj;jpd; Muk;g Kjy;tH Nrhod; fupfhw; ngUtsj;jhid tsHj;Jg; Nghw;wpa ,Uk;gplHj;jiyahH vd;w ngUkfNd MthH. ,tH jpUr;rp khtl;lk; Fspj;jiyf;F mLj;j gplHj;jiy vDk; Cupy; tho;e;jtH. fhyk;: fp.gp. Kjy; E}w;whz!L. fupfhw;ngUtsj;jhd; jdJ kfs; Mjpke;jpia Nru kd;ddhd Ml;ldj;jpf;F kzk; nra;J nfhLj;jhd;. jk; kfSf;Fj; Jizahf jdJ khkd; ,Uk;gplHj;jiyahiu mDg;gp itj;jhd;. Nrud; Ml;ldj;jp eldf; fiyapy; ty;ytd;. cy;yhrg; gpupad;. vdNt> mtd; jdJ muirf; ftdpahJ tho;e;jdd;. ,Jjhd; jf;f jUznkd;W Kj;J}H Nfhl;lj;J NtspHfs; Ml;ldj;jp kPJ NghH njhLj;jhHfs;. fupfhydpd; ngUk;gilahYk; ,Uk;gplHj;jiyahH tFj;Jf; nfhLj;j NghHKiwahYk; Ml;ldj;jpf;F ntw;wp fpilj;jJ. Njhw;w mt;NtspHfsJ ehLfis xd;W NrHj;J NtzhL vdg; ngaupl;L> me; ehl;ilahSk; cupikia ,Uk;gplHj;jiyahHf;F mspj;jJ kl;Lky;yhky; mtUf;F NtzhlH vDk; gl;lg; ngaiuAk; #l;bdhd; fupfhyd;. me;ehs; Kjy; mf;Fbapy; Njhd;wpa ahtUk; ngupa Fyj;jpdH vd miof;fg;gl;ldH. ,d;Wk; mt;thNw miof;fg;gl;L tUfpd;wdH. NtzhlH vd;w gl;lg;ngauhy; ,Uk;gplHj;jiyaH mur gjtpia Vw;w ehspy; fupfhy; Nrhod; mtiur; rpwg;gpf;ff; fUjp mtHjk; Fb topapy; Njhd;wpa kfspHf;Fg; nghd;D}Q;ry; MLk; cupikiaj; je;jhd;.

Society 3

 

       gy E}W Mz;Lfshfg; guk;giuahf eilngw;WtUk; ,e;epfo;r;rp RkhH Ie;J Mz;LfSf;F xUKiw my;yJ gl;lf;fhuH mwptpg;G nra;fpd;w Mz;by; khHfopj; jpq;fs; jpUthjpiu ehspy; eilngWtJ tof;fk;. ,e;jj; jpUthjpiuf; fy;ahzg; nghd;D}Q;ry; J}upapd; Kiwfs; nfhq;F kz;lyj;jpYk;> gpw ,lq;fspYk; FbapUf;Fk; ngupaFyf; Nfhj;jpuj;jhH midtUf;Fk; cupaJ. ngupaFyg; ngz;fspd; rpwg;igAk; khz;igAk; tpsf;Fk; ,t;tpoh xU jpUkz epfo;r;rpNghyNt eilngw;W tUfpwJ. ngupaFyj;jpd; Kjy;ngz; Foe;ijia ey;yk;ik vdg; ngaupl;L miog;gJ tof;fk;. FLk;gj;jpd; %j;j ngz;Foe;ij kl;LNk nghd;D}Q;ry; MLk; ngUik ngw;wts;.

       Fynja;tf; Nfhapy;fs; topghL fhiyapy; Fynja;tf; Nfhapy;fs;NjhWk; nrd;W topghL nra;aNtz;Lk;. nkhj;jk; VO Nfhapy;fspy; mq;fq;Nf cs;s Mw;wpd; Jiwfspy; Fspj;J juprdk; nra;aNtz;Lk;. Kjypy; juprdk; nra;tJ rq;fuz;lhk; ghisaj;jpypUe;J tlf;Nf RkhH 3 fp.kP. njhiytpy; cs;s nfhj;jD}H <];tud; kw;Wk; ngupaehafp mk;kd; Nfhapypy; MFk;. fpuhidl; fw;fshy; fl;lg;gl;lJ Nghd;W fhl;rp mspf;fpd;wJ ,f; Nfhapy;. mJ Kbj;J fd;dpahj;jhs; Nfhapy; Jiwapy; Fspj;J fd;dpkhH Rthkp Nfhapypy; topghL nra;aNtz;Lk;. %d;whtjhf rq;fuz;lhk;ghisak; Nfhapy; Jiwapy; Fspj;J khfhspak;kidj; juprpj;jgpd; ,uj;jpd%Hj;jp NfhapYf;Fr; nry;y Ntz;Lk;.. ngupaFy kf;fspd; Fynja;tk; rq;fuz;lhk; ghisaj;jpy; jpUf;Nfhapy; nfhz;Ls;s mUs;kpF ,uj;jpd%Hj;jp Rthkp MFk;. ,f;NfhapYf;F NkYk; ghj;jpag;gl;NlhH Nrud;> nrk;G+j;jd;> Me;ij> Fohad; kw;Wk; nfhq;Fr; nrl;bahHfs;. ,f;Nfhapy; FlKOf;F ePuhl;L tpoh 1988-Mk; Mz;L gl;lf;fhuH mtHfshy; (jpUg;gzpf;FO jiytH) elj;jg;gl;lJ. Ie;jhtjhf Nfhl;il khupak;kd; Nfhapy; Jiwapy; Fspj;Jj; juprpf;fNtz;Lk;. jhuhGuk; tl;lhuj;jpy;- nfhq;F ehl;by; kpfTk; Gfo;ngw;w Nfhapy; Nfhl;il khupak;kd;Nfhapy; MFk;. mkuhtjp Nkw;F Nehf;fpg; ghAk; NkNdhf;fpj; Jiwapy; Fspj;J ,Wjpahf kutghisak; mg;guNk];tuH kw;Wk; ngupaehafp mk;kd; NfhapYf;Fr; nry;yNtz;Lk;.

       khkd;khH gl;lq;fl;Ljy; rq;fuz;lhk; ghisak; tpehafH Nfhapypy; EioAk;NghNj ,lJGwk; cs;s gspq;F rpiy ek; fz;izf; ftHfpwJ. mkuH ngupaz;z NtzhlH–33–MtJ gl;lf;fhuH fhrpapy; nra;J nfhz;Lte;j mtHjk; jpUTUtr; rpiy mJ. fhrpapypUe;J nfhz;Ltug;gl;l mr;rpiy jhuhGuk; gl;lf;fhuH klj;jpy; gpupf;fg;glhkNyNa ,Ue;jJ. mtuJ kiwTf;Fg; gpd;; mr;rpiy rq;fuz;lhk; ghisak; nfhz;L tug;gl;L epWtg;gl;lJ. cwtpdHfSk; XusT tajhdtHfSk; kiwe;j ngupa gl;lf;fhuH ngupaz;z NtzhlH mtHfsJ ngUikfisAk; GfopidAk; Ngrp kfpo;tH.

       khkd;khHfs; jq;fs; nrytpy; ngz; Foe;ijfSf;Fg; gl;lhil cLj;jp kw;Wk; mzpfyd;fshy; myq;fupj;J kzg;ngz; NghyNt gl;lq;fl;b – jha;khkd; Njhspy; Rke;Jtu – midtUk; muz;kid Nehf;fpj; J}upapy; itf;f tUtH.

       nghd;D}Q;ry; Gq;fq;fhy; njd;GwKk; Gspaq;fhy; tlGwKk; elNtz;Lk;. gpd; K$Hj;j fhy; NghlNtz;Lk;. ,ijr; nrk;G+j;jq; Fyj;jhH NghLtJ tof;fk;. J}upia Vw;Wtjw;FKd; Mrhup nghq;fy; itf;fNtz;Lk;. J}up NghLk; rkak; gl;lf;fhuH> FyFU kw;Wk; GytH MfpNahH ,Ue;J elj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;. GytHfs; ngupaehafp mk;kd; CQ;ry; ghl;ilg;ghb Ml;Ljy; tof;fk;. Kjypy; muz;kidf; Foe;ijf;F ,lk; mspg;gJ tof;fk;. gpd; cs;@Hg; gq;F njhlq;fg;ngWk;. ,uz;lhtJ gq;fpy; vUq;fyq;fhl;Lg; GJ}H> fTz;ilad; tyR Nghd;w CHfs; mlq;Fk;. %d;whk; gq;F Fs;sf; fhsp ghisak;. ,g;gb Kiwg;gb gq;F tupirapy; Foe;ijfisj; J}upapy; mkHj;j Ntz;Lk;.

 

Society

       xypg;gjpT nra;ag;gl;l ghly; – Njdpir nts;skhf muz;kid tshfnkq;Fk; gha – Foe;ij CQ;rypy; mkHe;J MLk; fhl;rp fz!nfhs;shf; fhl;rpahFk;.. nghd;D}Q;ry; tpohtpd;NghJ MjPdg; GytHfshy; ghlg;gLk; ngupaehafp mk;kd; jpUT+Q;ry; kut ghisak; nguaehafpak;kd; kPJ ghlg;gl;l gpuge;jk; MFk;. ,J goq;fhye;njhl;L toq;fptUk; njhz;Z}W tif gpuge;jq;fisr; rhHe;j xd;whFk;.. ngupaehafpak;kd; jpU CQ;ry; ghlypd; rpy tupfs; fPNo nfhLf;fg; gl;Ls;sd.

rPuhd tapuj;jhy; fhy;fs; ehl;b
rpwe;j tap^upaj;jhy; tisfs; G+l;b>...
Neuhd gtsj;jhy; gyif NrHj;J
epj;jpyj;jhy; ge;jypl;L epoyjhf>...

re;jpuUk; #upaUk; tle;njhl; lhl;lj;
jtKdpt nuy;yhUk; tle;njhl; lhl;l>...
tPukq;if tp[akq;if tprpwp tPr
tpz;zpd; kq;if fw;G+u jPgNke;j>...
VltpOk; kyHkhiy Foypy; Ml
,Ufhjpy; nghd;Ndhiy vOe;Nj Ml>...

jpj;jpAld; ehjRuk; nfhk;G jhsk;
rpd;dKld; G+upifAk; rq;Fk; Cj
vj;jpirAk; gy;ypaq;fs; Kof;f nky;yhk;
vOflypd; Kof;fk;Nghy; vOe;Nj ahHg;g>...

nfhQ;Rfpsp ngz;zzq;fPH MB &Q;ry;
FapypdNk kapypdNk MB &Q;ry; >...

Njd;fiueh lDjpdKk; rpwf;f thop
fhHthop NfhtpYs;s rdq;fs; thop
fy;tpnahL ePjpnaDq; fiyfs; thop
ghHthop nfhw;iwapy; Ntzhld; thop
guTWrpH nrk;G+j;jH guptha; thop
NgHthop nfhw;iwefH jd;dpy; thOk;
ngupaeh afpj;jhNa thop thop.